Causes of Paralysis

The ability to move around from one place to another and engage in physical activities is something that all of us enjoy. Unfortunately, all that can end with paralysis. A 2009 study conducted by the Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation revealed that nearly 1 in 50 people live with paralysis or 5.6 million people. Stroke was the leading cause of paralysis at 29 percent, followed by spinal cord injury at 23 percent.

According to the website of Bruner Law Firm, the economic consequences of paralysis are often devastating as well as the medical bills for care and treatment. Paralysis happens when the nerve cells or neurons that control muscle movement becomes damaged. As a result, the muscles cannot move voluntarily causing the person to be paralyzed. There are four major causes of paralysis and they are:

Stroke

Stroke occurs when the supply of blood to the brain is disturbed. Like any other organ, the brain requires constant flow of blood and if that supply is restricted or stopped, the brain cells will begin to die causing brain damage. According to the study mentioned above, stroke is the leading cause of paralysis.

Head Injury

A severe head injury can tear or bruise the surface of the brain as it bumps the skull causing damage in the blood vessels and nerves. When the part of the brain that controls specific muscles is damaged during a severe head injury, paralysis occurs. Damage to the left side of the brain can paralyze the right side of the body and vice versa.

Spinal Cord Injury

The spinal cord is a part of the central nervous system. It is a thick bundle of nerves that runs from the brain to the neck and spine encased in a canal of vertebrae. It transmits signals to and from the brain and body. Any injuries in the neck or spine can cause damage to the spinal cord. As a result, the brain loses its ability to transmit signals to the various muscles resulting to paralysis.

The location of the spinal injury can have a significant effect on the severity and extent of paralysis. The higher the injury, the worse the paralysis will be. Spinal cord injury is the second leading cause of paralysis at 23 percent.

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is caused by damage to the nerve fibers in the spinal cord by the immune system. It attacks the myelin fibers of the spinal cord, causing disruption in sending messages to and from the brain. Multiple sclerosis causes 17 percent of all paralysis.

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Common Causes of Car Accidents

People often expect the big, spectacular accident to be in their narrative. It’s not so much as ego as much as it is the rational fear of that which is unfamiliar.

People fear things like bungee jumping or skydiving because it is something rather extreme and something that is typically avoidable. Sometimes, air travel is avoided for the very same reasons—giant metal vehicles in the sky can be terrifying to imagine, let alone the idea of something going wrong within the flight. These are expected fears and there is precedence for it since the awareness for these accidents and incidents are rampant with media exposure.

What people aren’t really aware of is that what can kill them are usually the things that they explicitly trust day in and day out. According to the website of the lawyers with Williams Kherkher, there are over 2 million car accidents that happen annually in the United States of America alone. The thing about car accidents is that they can happen in any number of ways. A rollover accident is just as much a car accident as a collision between two cars. The level of devastation can vary, depending on the variables with the situation.

So what are some common causes of car accidents?

  • Distracted or reckless drivers: drivers who are sleepy are easily susceptible to human error as they can make wrong turns due to their lack of sleep or even fall asleep behind the wheel. A fatigued driver is just about as dangerous as a drunk driver. Drivers who are under the influence of alcohol or drugs are also considered reckless drivers.
  • Mechanical failure: sometimes, there is an error with the vehicle that was neglected during the safety inspections and this caused failure so catastrophic while on the road that is caused injury. Although this may  not be driver’s fault, if an accident occurs they may still be negligent.

There are many reasons as to why car accidents happen by the hundreds almost every single day and most of them are due to the most common cause of all: negligence.

Practice safe and cautious driving while on the road—not just for your sake but for the sake of others too. Visit the Texas Department of Transportation for more information on car accidents and safety tips.

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Going to the U.S. for the First Time, Here’s What you Need to Know

Nothing compares to the excitement and the jitteriness any first time can bring. If this is your first time to fly to another country, you will not just experience the thrill of your first-ever plane ride. You will also have to get your passport and your visa for the first time, and pack your things for an international travel for the first time. Sure it’s a lot of first times, so to help you in your first-ever trip outside your country, here are the things that you should always keep in mind:

Get all the paper works done!

When you travel abroad, including the U.S., you will need to secure a passport. Luckily, passports are generally not difficult to obtain (unless you’re living in a country full of red tapes). You only need to follow your local regulations on how to get a passport and this will just be a breeze.

However, applying for a visa is a different story! It can be difficult, even if you will just be visiting America as a tourist. For immigrants wanting to stay in the U.S. for good, a different, more stringent visa application system may apply. For instance, according to the website of the EB-5 visa lawyers from AmLaw Group, individuals who are interested in moving to the U.S. for business purposes should apply for an EB-5 visa to qualify for permanent residency. However, being eligible for a EB-5 visa can be too complicated, and may also involve a substantial amount of money.

Know the culture

If you plan to go to the U.S. just to see the country or if you want to stay for good, one great advantage that you have is the knowledge of the language. However, learning about the Western way of living is still a must. Learn more about American English expressions, revisit your favorite Hollywood films, here are just some of the many things you can do learn more about American culture.

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What You Need to Know About Insider Trading

Most companies these days often put a non-disclosure agreement into the pre-employment protocol in order to protect their own assets and liabilities. After all, a business can be just like a family – and nobody wants their dirty laundry out in the open for the entire world to see. However, there are somewhat more damaging consequences should this agreement be tampered with as that might constitute as insider trading.

From the phrase itself, it can be assumed that insider trading means that there is trade that came from the inside of somewhere. So what’s the big deal about insider trading?

Well, according to the website of the lawyers with Cazayoux Ewing Law Firm, imagine a scenario that goes like this. You are a major stockholder of a certain corporation and, with inside information, you sell the stock just before its market value drops, thereby making a profit due to having access to nonpublic information.

Think of a scenario where someone wins the lottery because they rigged the machine – flesh that of scenario out and involve different variables and factors and you have the basics of an insider trading case. Sometimes, this isn’t even done with intent and just so happened to coincide with the circumstances – and if you are caught in the crossfire of an insider trading case, you need to find competent legal assistance immediately.

If the company you work for is dealing with a case of insider trading then the chances are, the company has already been investigation for quite some time. It is then imperative to make sure you are immediately represented and that your involvement is clarified in order to avoid unnecessary allegations that then put you in the line of fire against the law.

It is important to act logically and swiftly in situations like this in order to protect yourself from the possible repercussions in being associated with a case of insider trading.

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What is Patent Infringement?

A patent is a legal document that ensures an inventor’s original non-artistic work is protected from being copied, used, and sold by another party. The federal law grants different types of patents to inventions that meet particular criteria. In general, these criteria can be summarized into three qualifications. The invention must be novel, nonobvious, and useful. If the applicant can prove that their invention meets these qualifications, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) will grant patent protection that lasts up to 20 years.

With a patent in places, inventors can prevent competitors from making any use of their original creation and design. Violating such protection is called patent infringement and includes any act that makes use of a protected invention in any way. This entails to the manufacturing, importing, selling, or copying of a protected work without the explicit permission of the patent holder.

Patent infringement is often a complicated issue. Litigation can quickly turn into a long and complex process. Because of nuances in the laws surrounding intellectual property, the court and jury will have plenty of factors to consider when making a definitive decision. Specific details will need to be closely investigated to see if a patent has been infringed and violated by the defendant. In most cases, patent infringement is found when elements of a patented work are present in the device or process in questions. Through intense investigation and scrutiny, the court will try to find how much these elements match one another. Still, even if these matches aren’t exact, the defendant can still be found to be in violation of a patent if the similar works are considered equivalents.

Because patent law has plenty of nuances, inventors will need to get in touch with an experienced intellectual property lawyer. As pointed out by Gagnon, Peacock & Vereeke, P.C., the litigation process for patent infringement cases can be hard to predict. Patent holders stand the best chance with effective legal counsel by their side.

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Alcohol-Impaired Driving: What Happens When You’re Charged with a DWI?

Alcohol-impaired driving has been responsible for a growing number of traffic fatalities in recent years. According to a report by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, the year 2013 saw a total of 32,719 deaths related to alcohol-impaired driving. As a result, the prosecution and punishment of drunk driving violations have increasingly become more stringent. This is particularly true for a driving while intoxicated or DWI violation.

Drivers are charged with a DWI if they continue to operate vehicles when they have blood alcohol content (BAC) that goes beyond the legally mandated level. All over the United States, private drivers are not allowed on the road if they have a BAC level of 0.08 percent or higher. For drivers operating commercial vehicles, intoxication is defined as having a BAC level of 0.04 percent or higher. Of course, these legally defined blood alcohol levels aren’t the only factors in considering a driver’s level of intoxication.

Penalties for driving while intoxicated differ in every state. However, most of these penalties involve paying a significant amount of fines and spending some time in jail or prison. In Texas, for example, a DWI charge could lead to a financial penalty of up to $2,000 and 3 to 180 days in jail, among a few other consequences. On the other hand, the website of the Law Offices of Richard A. Portale, P.C. points out that New York imposes punishments that are similarly steep. At third offense, a DWI charge can result in a maximum $10,000 fine and up to 7 years in jail.

Some drivers can also experience serious impairment even before they reach or go beyond the regulated amount. Particular reactions to alcohol content differ based on several other factors, such as the driver’s weight or the amount of food take while the drink was consumed. In some cases, having as little as 0.02 percent BAC inside one’s system can lead to a decline in visual and cognitive function. While it might not lead to a DWI charge, certain state laws will still recognize that some serious traffic violation has occurred. For more information, consult with a criminal defense expert.

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Filing for Chapter 7 Bankruptcy

The U.S. economy has been notoriously unstable during the past several years. As a result, an overwhelming number of American citizens continue to find themselves deep in the throes of financial difficulties. In particular, more and more people are struggling with paying off their debts and other similar obligations. the total amount of consumer debt in the country is more than $11 trillion. This amount includes student loans, credit cards, mortgages, and auto loans that are still waiting to be paid for.

Getting out of debt can be a challenging course. For some individuals, making ends meet is already a struggle on its own. What solution is available for those who aren’t even making enough to cover their basic necessities? In situations like these, filing for Chapter 7 bankruptcy can provide the best possible solution.

According to the Bradford Law Offices, Chapter 7 bankruptcy allows debtors the opportunity to liquidate or sell their assets in order to pay back creditors. It is one of the most sought after solutions for financial difficulties because it can offer several different advantages. Filing for a Chapter 7 bankruptcy can lead to debt forgiveness, allowing individuals to discharge much of their debts in a short period of time. It also allows an individual relief from creditor harassment. Debtors will no longer have to deal with the stress that comes from constant phone calls from creditors or the threat of having property repossessed. Chapter 7 bankruptcy also allows an individual to properly rebuild their credit score.

With the help of a skilled legal representative, the process of filing for Chapter 7 bankruptcy can be easy and manageable. An applicant will be granted by the court legal bankruptcy status as long as they meet a specific set of criteria. The most important factor is decided by the means test, which will help determine if the applicant’s income falls within a specific bracket. Chapter 7 bankruptcy is meant to provide aid for individuals with the most pressing financial needs. Aside from the means test, the court will also check for a debtor’s disposable income and the amount of their typical expenses.

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Top Hair Color Trends: Ombre and Balayage

It’s in the nature of trends to be fleeting. However, when it comes to hair, there are two distinct trends that seem to pass the test of time quite well. Ombre and balayage are two hair color techniques that have become increasingly popular in recent years. In fact, both looks have been mainstays On red carpets and magazine covers. What makes these two styles special? We break down the top hair color trends and provide information about what look might suit you.

Ombre

In French, the word “ombré” refers to “shade” or “shadow”. The term was adapted in fashion and art to describe the gradual blending of one color into another. This gradation usually moves from lighter to darker hues. Coloring your hair with an ombre effect means having darker hair color from the roots that slowly moves to a lighter shade at the ends. The lighter color is usually achieved through bleaching, although some would opt for more colorful shades like purple or pink.

Balayage

Unlike ombre, balayage has a more subtle effect on hair. The technique is named after the French word for “sweeping” or “painting” and gives a more natural, sun-kissed look. By sweeping the highlight color gently on the hair, the balayage technique gives hair natural-looking accent and allows it to have more dimensions. Bleach is rarely used to achieve this look. Most stylists prefer to add accents that are just two to three shades lighter than the natural hair color.

There are several factors to consider when deciding between these two hair color trends. While you can try to achieve both looks at home through do-it-yourself kits, it’s best to consult with a professional stylist. There are hundreds of salons and hair studios that specialize in both techniques. If you are in the Houston area, you can check out Therapy Hair Studio to learn more.

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The Potential Dangers of Xarelto

Xarelto, also referred to by its generic name, Rivaroxaban, is a fairly new anticoagulant or blood thinning drug that helps reduce the risk of blood clotting in a number of medical conditions and scenario. According to the website of Williams Kherkher, the drug was first approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the year 2011 for the use hip replacement patients to reduce the chance of their developing a common blood clotting complication called deep vein thrombosis. Since then, the drug has also been approved for plenty of other uses like preventing strokes and pulmonary embolisms.

The use of Xarelto has proven to be an effective way to prevent the threat of blood clots. It has been so particularly helpful for millions of patients that its manufacturers Bayer and Johnson & Johnson have generated billions of dollars in sales revenue. However, despite the drug’s popularity, there have also been reports pointing to dangers and side effects that could potentially be harmful to patients. In fact, there have been several reports of the drug causing fatal conditions on a number of patients.

According to the website of the National Injury Law Center, Xarelto can cause a number of unwanted consequences. Some of the most alarming side effects include the following:

  • Unexpected and uncontrollable bleeding
  • Urine and stool discoloration
  • Vomiting of blood
  • Allergic reactions
  • Severe headaches, fatigue, and dizziness
  • Pain, swelling, and drainage in wound sites (following surgery)
  • Liver failure
  • Brain hemorrhage

This is particularly alarming because patients taking the drug are looking to reduce their risk of serious medical conditions. They might not be aware that the drug can also be causing unforeseen effects that could cause more irreparable harm to their health. Patients experiencing any of the above mentioned symptoms should contact their physicians and seek immediate medical attention.

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Are Undocumented Workers Entitled to Unpaid Wages?

The American federal government is adamant about the right of every worker to receive just compensation. Every employee is expected to receive a minimum wage of $7.25 an hour, although the amount can vary slightly depending on individual state laws. Employers are also expected to pay extra compensation for employees who render services beyond their assigned working schedules. These two clauses, which are emphasized in the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), are expected to cover majority of the workforce in America. This includes undocumented workers who may have come to the country illegally.

According to the lawyers from Cary Kane, undocumented workers are entitled to the same legal protection as any other American employee. Regardless of their immigration status, these workers are allowed to claim wages that they are legally owed. Through the clauses stated in the FLSA, even undocumented workers can file a lawsuit against employers violating wage laws for up to two years. The court will then urge these employers to provide back pay, disallowing them to bring up any immigration issues during the proceedings.

Protection for undocumented immigrant workers comes as development based on decisions made by several Circuit Courts on a few notable wage violation cases. One of these cases was reported by the Society for Human Resource Management. This case involved a lawsuit filed by nine former employees of Safe Hurricane Shutters, Inc. for unpaid overtime wages. The jury in the original trial ruled in favor of the workers, but the defendants filed an appeal in the 11th Circuit Court of Appeals. Eventually, the 11th Circuit disagreed with the defendants and upheld the original ruling. A similar scenario reported by the National Law Review involves the Supreme Court’s 2014 decision to decline reviewing a similar decision on an appeals case heard by the 8th Circuit Court, allowing it to stand.

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