Intoxication Assault 101

Not only can drunk driving put us in danger, but it can put our bank accounts, driver’s licenses, reputation, and freedom in danger, too. A DUI charge is bad enough as itself, but if you caused bodily harm to another individual while driving under the influence, you may be charged with intoxication assault as well.

If you have been charged with intoxication assault or know someone who has, keep reading for more information on the basis of the charge. And maybe contact a law firm like Truslow & Truslow.

Something to Remember…

Please keep in mind that criminal laws are decided on a state level. Thus, the specifics of the criminal statutes in each state vary. Make sure to research the specific laws in the location in which you have been charged with the crime.

What is Intoxication Assault?

While I briefly touched upon it before, it doesn’t hurt to go over the basics again. An individual may face an intoxication assault charge if they cause serious bodily harm to individuals while intoxicated. It is not necessary for someone to be driving a vehicle to be charged with intoxication assault, but the charge is most commonly applied to individuals driving under the influence who cause an automobile accident.

Classification and Penalties

Most states classify driving under the influence as a misdemeanor crime, while most states label intoxication assault as a felony. As you may or may not know, felonies are taken much more seriously than misdemeanors. In most states, misdemeanor penalties include at most one year in the county jail and/or a fine. While these punishments are certainly severe, they pale in comparison to the penalties for felony crimes. Punishments for felonies can mean years in state prisons and much more expensive fines.

Remember to check out your state to see what penalties you may be facing.

Elements of Intoxication Assault

There are three elements that must be proven by the prosecutors to successfully charge you with intoxication assault:

  • You were high on drugs or drunk while operating the vehicle
  • You disregarded your duties to drive safely due to the alcohol or drugs you consumed
  • Your actions caused bodily harm to another individual

However, other elements are also usually proven by prosecutors in successful cases.

Serious Bodily Injury

Bodily injury is a pretty vague term. Of course, many states define serious bodily injury differently. Usual definitions of serious bodily injury include permanent disfigurement, elevated chance of death, and loss or impairment of a body part.

What to Do

Everybody makes mistakes. If you’re facing an intoxication assault charge, make sure to reach out to an experienced defense attorney. A defense attorney knows how to best represent you in court and can help you get your case dismissed or the penalties severely lessened.

You may feel as if you should skip the expense and choose to represent yourself. While this is certainly an option, it is not a good one. Defense attorneys have been extensively trained to know how to best represent their clients in criminal court, plus their years of experiences have shown them everything in the book.

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The Many Types of Lawyers

There is no one “way” to be a teacher. You could be a middle school teacher, a private school teacher, a science and math teacher, or even a teacher for an extra-curricular. So disregard and ignore anybody trying to police what it means to be a teacher or trying to enforce certain norms about what a teacher must look like or do.

Similarly, there are a million ways to be a lawyer. Yes, it might seem from Law and Order or other legal dramas that a “real” lawyer is a tall, chiseled-chin man who yells for justice. But anybody with enough grit and determination can go to law school, pass the bar or another lawyer qualification exam, and work in any type of law they want. No matter your gender, your religion, or your race, being a lawyer is a dynamic and amazing career to pursue.

I have to admit that I was biased, though. I truly did think that the Law and Order types of lawyers were the best kinds of lawyers. Mostly because I did not know of any others! While I am still not an attorney nor a legal expert, I can confidently say that after a little bit of research, I have learned a lot about the different types of lawyers that a person can be! In this article, I will describe some of the different types of law as well as some of the parallel businesses that work with lawyers to pursue justice.

Different types of law

While this is not definitive, some types of law that a lawyer can practice and litigate in court include:

  • Criminal law
  • Intellectual property law
  • Finance and tax law
  • International business law
  • Human rights law
  • Political, campaign, or non-profit law
  • Constitutional law

As you can probably tell, there is a wide range of regulations and rules about which any topic you can imagine. And each category of litigation has a differing amount of competitiveness. This means that some lawyers must not only focus on being the best lawyer for their client but also devise strategies to market themselves or acquire clients/cases. Personal injury law is one of the most competitive fields in which a lawyer can work; our world is dangerous and people are injured every day!

Parallel businesses

Some businesses operate not as law firms, but as companies dedicated to helping lawyers earn new clients or retain current clients. Other instances, such as the legal conversion experts of Intake Conversion Experts work to transform potential clients into trusted clients relying on a specific firm. They do this by offering bilingual services, handling administrative work, and doing other tasks that can cloud up a law firm and prevent them from working at their optimum. Personally, I think it is so fascinating that the legal business is so large and competitive that entire businesses have been constructed out of lawyers’ business needs — many of these companies are staffed by marketing or business experts, not lawyers! They can offer a unique perspective to retention and conversion.

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What constitutes medical malpractice?

A few years ago my son had to go in for surgery after he broke his leg playing football. I hated to see it happen, but those are the risks that you take when you play a high contact sport like that. My son was in crutches for almost two months. Right after the surgery, he developed a serious infection on his leg. His swelling was super intense. We had to go back to the hospital to have it treated. The doctor treating the infection said that it might be possible that he developed this infection while receiving his first surgery with a different doctor.

I decided to reach out to the doctor and explain the situation. I wanted to see if we could talk about it, and maybe see if he would cover the expenses. I was met with a stonewall of silence from both the doctor and hospital. They refused to speak to me about the situation, and I was furious. First, the doctor put my son in danger, then wouldn’t address his own mistake.

I didn’t think suing the doctor would work, because it would be a lot of he-said-she-said, and the doctor knew more about what was going on. Plus I didn’t have any definitive proof. I wasn’t even looking to get a ton of money. I just wanted them to pay for the treatment of the resulting skin infection.

Thankfully, I hired a lawyer who was able to get me a settlement through the use of expert witness testimony. Lawyers who sue doctors over medical malpractice rely heavily on the testimony of expert witnesses. These are doctors or medical professionals that have been in the field for at least three years and know the ins and outs of my son’s situation. The expert witnesses were able to speak about the surgery my son received. They were also able to talk about the resulting infection. 

I also learned throughout the process that the doctor refusing to speak to me is fairly typical. Medical malpractice lawsuits are on the rise in the United States. Because of this, most doctors at this point are trained to never admit when they’ve made a mistake. They may also take steps to try and cover up a mistake. This is because some mistakes can end up costing them hundreds of thousands in damages. I’m not saying that the doctor was right to ignore me. I just understand why he chose to do so more now. Hopefully, I’ll never be in that situation again. 

I learned more about this process by doing a Google search recently and found this helpful information from the medical malpractice attorneys at Glover Law Firm.


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What is the Difference Between Trees and Shrubs?

We’ve all seen trees, and we’ve all seen shrubs. Trees are generally taller and grow upward whereas shrubs remain closer to the ground and appear to grow outward. However, I was not satisfied by this simple distinction. I decided to do a little research to uncover what the real difference was between trees and shrubs. Here’s what I found:

Merriam Webster defines a tree as, “a woody perennial plant having a single, usually elongated, main stem generally with few or no branches on its lower part.” However, directly under this definition is a second that reads, “a shrub or herb of arborescent form.”

Arborescent means something that is tree-like in its appearance or growth, so this second definition essentially says that a tree includes a shrub that looks like a tree. Not very helpful, so I decided to stick with the first, “woody perennial plant” definition.

Merriam Webster defines a shrub as, “a low usually several-stemmed woody plant.” So, from these two definitions, trees and shrubs are both woody plants. However, trees are defined as being perennial, which means it is a plant that comes back every year. According to the dictionary, there is no such perennial requirement for shrubs, but this does not mean that there are no shrubs that are perennial.

The main takeaway from the distinctions of the two definitions is that trees are defined by a single elongated main stem on its lower part that has few or no branches at its base, whereas shrubs are low to the ground and contain several stems. So, trees and shrubs can be distinguished for the following: the presence of a single primary stem, number of stems, presence of branches near the base, and distance from the ground. It seems that my gut instinct was correct, but I decided to dig deeper.

I came across an article by Hamlin Tree Care that highlighted some key differences between trees and shrubs. It explained the different growth patterns between the two types of plants. Trees, it said, try to grow as tall as possible in an upward manner to try to compete with other trees for sunlight and other resources. Shrubs, the article explained, instead grow outwards to compete with neighboring plants for sunlight and other resources. In fact, the article explained that it is essential to keep in mind these different growth patterns when deciding where and when to plant shrubs.

So, there you have it. I found out that trees and shrubs are different in their appearance and growth habits. It took a little dictionary research and the help of that enlightening article for me to pick up on this subtle distinction. I must say, I am happy with the information I found because, in the future, I will be using it when I decide to plant trees and shrubs in my yard.

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Your Rights When a Slip and Fall Accident Occurs on a Cruise Ship

Causes of Slip and Fall Cruise Ship Accidents

When you’re enjoying a vacation with your family, the last thing on your mind is an accident. However, slip and fall cruise ship accidents are a common reality due to corrosion from sea salt water, sea spray, and water tracked from the pool into high-traffic areas.  Some accidents are unavoidable but many accidents are a result of cruise ship negligence.

Other causes of slip and fall accidents include:

  • Overcrowding on ship
  • Not fixing damaged flooring
  • Recently mopped or waxed flooring
  • Food left on floor
  • Failure to replace or repair staircase railings
  • Poorly maintained public areas
  • Inadequate lighting
  • Slippery decks
  • Defective equipment

Victims can suffer from injuries such as sprained ankles, broken bones, and muscle tears. Such injuries can greatly impact your quality of life, so make sure you know your rights!

What Do I Do if Become Injured on a Cruise Ship?

As is common with most personal injuries cases, you must prove that you experience the injury because of negligence from the cruise ship company. This means proving your injury was a result of the improper warning, insufficient maintenance, or an intentional act.

If you are injured on a cruise ship it is important that you seek medical attention and report claim immediately. Most injury claims have a 6-month deadline, check the back of your ticket to for this and other legal information. NOTE: When purchasing the ticket, you consent to its legal claims. Failure to follow the rules on the ticket, which is essentially a legal contract, may result in a court refusal to hear the case. Passengers can challenge the location of the hearing if it is far from their home state, but those challenges aren’t usually successful.

Document as much as you can as close to the time of injury in order to retain details that may be forgotten later. Contact any witnesses present, and talk to an attorney about your injury, even if it seems minor. Take extra caution when speaking to cruise ship companies regarding your claim since they will conduct an investigation in a way that is most beneficial to them.  For example, many cruise carriers do not register in the United States, but in countries where they make port, like the Caribbean or certain South American countries. These countries will typically have more relaxed safety and labor standards. In some cases, the cruise company will require you to file a claim in a specific state, regardless of where you were injured. Because of the complex nature of maritime law, you will need an attorney that specializes in cruise ship litigation.

A cruise ship company has a responsibility to provide you with a safe and fun place to vacation. Remember as a passenger, you have rights.It is a good idea to call an experienced passenger claims attorney, such as Louis A. Vucci, P.A., when such an event occurs. You should be paid if injured and compensation should cover medical, health, and dental care as well as lost work wages. In the event of your death, your dependents are entitled to compensation.

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All About DUI

All About DUI

You are driving while drunk when you are suddenly pulled over by a police officer. Before you know it, you are already arrested because of driving under the influence of alcohol. DUI is against the law, and according to the website of Kohler Hart Powell, SC, DUI charges can have severe penalties, such as jail time, fines, and probation.

Drinking and driving is dangerous, because alcohol has physical and mental effects on your body that can limit your driving capabilities. The following are some of the most common effects:

  • Drowsiness or fatigue
  • Limited control of the body
  • Poor comprehension and judgment
  • Slow reaction time

Drowsiness or fatigue can make you close your eyes, or worse, fall asleep while you are driving. Having limited control over your body means that you have limited control of your vehicle. Poor comprehension and judgment may make you fail to understand road signs. Slow reaction time may make you fail to act swiftly when something unexpected happens.

It is even worse when an innocent person has been involved and injured just because you chose to drive while drunk. But accidents, injuries, and penalties are not just the only reasons to avoid drunk driving. You should really consider how the penalties can affect your life. License suspensions due to DUI convictions may make it inconvenient for you to go to school or work. Jail times may make you lose your job. Convictions themselves may influence your future employment opportunities.

To avoid drunk driving and its ripple effects to your life, get a designated driver if you are planning on drinking. If you cannot find one, consider using public transportation, so you will not be forced to drive yourself home when you are already drunk.

Of course, authorities know that some people will still commit the offense, so law enforcement is a must. To prevent DUI, local authorities employ several tactics, such as the following:

  • Having strict laws against DUI
  • Setting up sobriety check points in strategic areas
  • Prioritizing drunk driving cases in court
  • Starting anti-drunk driving programs

It is important to point out that DUI charges can be defended to reduce penalties or dismiss the charges themselves. This is a good way to show the public that law enforcement is not absolute, and that unnecessary penalties shall not be imposed on innocent motorists.

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Negative Effects of Driving Under the Influence

One form of reckless driving that can be particularly dangerous is driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Alcohol and drugs have negative effects in our bodies that may affect the way we drive. These negative effects can even lead to car accidents that do not just affect us, but also the others around us.

According to the website of a Tucson car accident attorney, drivers who are under the influence of alcohol or drugs may be held liable for their negligence, because of the danger they put on the road.


Being under the influence, a driver’s comprehension skills drop, meaning he cannot easily understand traffic signs or make rational decisions. Accidents involving lack of comprehension include traffic light violations, right of way issues, and rear-end collisions.


Alcohol and drugs have the tendency to make the driver lose focus and become drowsy. When a driver has reduced concentration, he may be involved in a variety of traffic accidents, like falling asleep while on the road resulting into a crash or rear-ending the vehicle in front of him because of his lack of attention.


Too much alcohol and drugs can affect hand-eye-foot coordination, which is an important aspect of driving. If the driver’s bodily functions do not coordinate effectively, he may be prone to a car accident. Collisions involving poor coordination include swerving or rolling over embankments, crashing into trees, veering into the opposite lanes, and colliding head-on with oncoming vehicles.

Reaction Time

Alcohol and drugs can also affect a person’s reflexes. Being able to react swiftly is an important part of safe driving, and that part is taken away more and more as alcohol and drugs kick in. A driver that is under the influence will most likely fail to adjust to unexpected circumstances on the road, especially circumstances that may have also occurred because of his comprehension, concentration, and coordination issues.


Vision is obviously one of the integral functions you need in order to drive safely. If a driver has some kind of vision impairment because of alcohol and drugs, he may be very vulnerable to car crashes. These impairments include altered reality, blurred sight, and slow eye movement. Having even just one of these impairments is enough for the driver to have comprehension, concentration, coordination, and reaction time issues.

Remember that you are not the only one on the road. If you are driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, consider the fact that you are also putting the innocent motorists around you in danger.

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Causes of Paralysis

The ability to move around from one place to another and engage in physical activities is something that all of us enjoy. Unfortunately, all that can end with paralysis. A 2009 study conducted by the Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation revealed that nearly 1 in 50 people live with paralysis or 5.6 million people. Stroke was the leading cause of paralysis at 29 percent, followed by spinal cord injury at 23 percent.

According to the website of Fields Disability, the economic consequences of paralysis are often devastating. Being unable to continue life as you know it forces paralysis victims to adapt, and they often need help to do it. Paralysis happens when the nerve cells or neurons that control muscle movement becomes damaged. As a result, the muscles cannot move voluntarily causing the person to be paralyzed. There are four major causes of paralysis and they are:


Stroke occurs when the supply of blood to the brain is disturbed. Like any other organ, the brain requires constant flow of blood and if that supply is restricted or stopped, the brain cells will begin to die causing brain damage. According to the study mentioned above, stroke is the leading cause of paralysis.

Head Injury

A severe head injury can tear or bruise the surface of the brain as it bumps the skull causing damage in the blood vessels and nerves. When the part of the brain that controls specific muscles is damaged during a severe head injury, paralysis occurs. Damage to the left side of the brain can paralyze the right side of the body and vice versa.

Spinal Cord Injury

The spinal cord is a part of the central nervous system. It is a thick bundle of nerves that runs from the brain to the neck and spine encased in a canal of vertebrae. It transmits signals to and from the brain and body. Any injuries in the neck or spine can cause damage to the spinal cord. As a result, the brain loses its ability to transmit signals to the various muscles resulting to paralysis.

The location of the spinal injury can have a significant effect on the severity and extent of paralysis. The higher the injury, the worse the paralysis will be. Spinal cord injury is the second leading cause of paralysis at 23 percent.

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is caused by damage to the nerve fibers in the spinal cord by the immune system. It attacks the myelin fibers of the spinal cord, causing disruption in sending messages to and from the brain. Multiple sclerosis causes 17 percent of all paralysis.

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Common Causes of Car Accidents

People often expect the big, spectacular accident to be in their narrative. It’s not so much as ego as much as it is the rational fear of that which is unfamiliar.

People fear things like bungee jumping or skydiving because it is something rather extreme and something that is typically avoidable. Sometimes, air travel is avoided for the very same reasons—giant metal vehicles in the sky can be terrifying to imagine, let alone the idea of something going wrong within the flight. These are expected fears and there is precedence for it since the awareness for these accidents and incidents are rampant with media exposure.

What people aren’t really aware of is that what can kill them are usually the things that they explicitly trust day in and day out. According to the website of the lawyers with Williams Kherkher, there are over 2 million car accidents that happen annually in the United States of America alone. The thing about car accidents is that they can happen in any number of ways. A rollover accident is just as much a car accident as a collision between two cars. The level of devastation can vary, depending on the variables with the situation.

So what are some common causes of car accidents?

  • Distracted or reckless drivers: drivers who are sleepy are easily susceptible to human error as they can make wrong turns due to their lack of sleep or even fall asleep behind the wheel. A fatigued driver is just about as dangerous as a drunk driver. Drivers who are under the influence of alcohol or drugs are also considered reckless drivers.
  • Mechanical failure: sometimes, there is an error with the vehicle that was neglected during the safety inspections and this caused failure so catastrophic while on the road that is caused injury. Although this may  not be driver’s fault, if an accident occurs they may still be negligent.

There are many reasons as to why car accidents happen by the hundreds almost every single day and most of them are due to the most common cause of all: negligence.

Practice safe and cautious driving while on the road—not just for your sake but for the sake of others too. Visit the Texas Department of Transportation for more information on car accidents and safety tips.

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